Today, we will discuss a new chapter of English grammar participles, participles have great importance in English grammar, and this chapter will help you a lot in your competitive exams. In this chapter, we are going to discuss what participles is? Types of particles? Use of participles? And many more things about participles. Let’s begin without delay.
What’s a Participle?
A participle is a non-finite verb used as an adjective / combined with the verb to be to create various verb tenses.
A participle is a verb form used as an adjective or to create verb tense and also used to create the passive voice.
Types of participles? How many types of participles?
There are two types of participles,
- Present Participle
- Past Participle
- Participle Perfect
All of the present participles have a-ing at the end. When a verb’s base form ends in a consonant, you usually add-ing.
For example:- if we add-ing in last of a verb, it changes in to present participle as sing becomes signing, cries becomes crying and sleep becomes sleeping, and so on.
If the verb has e In Last ( silent -e in last), we drop the “e” to make the present participle. Such as consume becomes consuming, mediate becomes meditating and so on.
All the verbs that end in -i.e., the -i.e. usually changes to -y before the-ing is added.
Present participles are called gerund participles.
More Examples of Present Participles as Adjectives
Present Participles as Adjectives Examples
Present participles end in -ing ( keep that in mind.)
Here are a few more examples :
All of the past participles have a -ed at the end.
It may be only -d when the verb is already ending with -e.
For example:- if we add -ed in last of a verb, it changes into past participle as hope becomes hoped, burn becomes burnt, broke becomes broken.
3. participle perfect
There’s even more!
The perfect participle is formed by combining the term having with a word’s past participle. Perfect participles show that a task has been done in the past. Examples of perfect participles include having arrived, and having slept, having watched etc.,
|Examples of Participles being used of Adjectives|
|The Verb||The Present Participle||The Past Participle|
|to rise||the rising sun||the risen sun|
|to boil||the boiling water||the boiled water|
|to break||the breaking news||the broken news|
|to cook||the cooking||the cooked|
Combining Participles with to “Be”
Many times “Present participates” combined with the verb to be to create specific verb tenses. The past continuous, present continuous, and future continuous tenses integrate verb to be with present participles:
I was sleeping. (past continuous)
I am sleeping. (present continuous)
I will be sleeping. (future continuous)
To achieve a passive voice, With the verb “to be,” past participles are combined. The grammatical subject of the clause receives the verb’s action in a passive voice structure. Something or someone else takes acts.