Babur (1526-1530): Do you know about the Unseen History of the First Mughal Emperor of the Mughal Empire?

babur history

A great empire in our Indian history is the Mughal Empire. One of the founders of the Mughal Empire is none other than Babur. Babur’s real name was Zahir Uddin Mohammad Babur. We know Zahiruddin Muhammad Babur as the founder of the Mughal Empire. Babur means lion. Babur was born in 1483. Babur father name is Taimur. In Indian history, Taimur is not so famous. So that Babur is known as the founder of the Mughal Empire. Babur’s mother’s name is Qutlugh Nigar Khartum.

Babur Spouse – Nine Wives are famous in Babur history-

Aisha Sultan Begum, Zeineb Sultan Begum, Maasumeh Sultan Begum, Bibi Mubarika, Maham Begum, Dildar Begum, Gulrukh Begum, Gulnar Agha Begum, and Raiqah Begum.

Now we will learn some little significant information about Babur in our Indian history :

Babur laid the foundation of the Mughal rule in India in 1526.

He was a descendant of Taimur (from his father’s side) and Chengiz Khan(from his mother’s side).

Babur defeated Ibrahim Lodhi in the first battle of Panipat on April 21, 1526. He established the Mughal dynasty, which lasted till the establishment of British rule in India.

☆In 1527 he defeated Rana Sanga of Mewar at Khanwa.

☆In 1528 he defeated Medini Rai of Chanel at Chanderi.

☆In 1529 he defeated Muhammad Lodhi (uncle of Ibrahim Lodhi) at Ghaghra.

☆In 1530 he died at Agra. His tomb is in Kabul.

☆He adopted Tughluma and flanking party system and first to use gunpowder and artillery in India.

He wrote his autobiography Tuzuk I Baburi in Turki, in which he gives an excellent account of India and his Empire. Tuzuk -i-Baburi was translated in Persian (named Baburnama) by Abdur Rahim Khanekhana and in English by Madam Bevridge.

Babur Autobiogrophy
Image From – Google | Image Source – Alamy

☆He compiled two anthologies of poems, Diwan (in Turki) and Mubaiyan (in Persian). He also wrote Rizal-i-Ustaz or letters of Babur.

☆In Indian history of the region of Babur was from 1526 AD to 1877 AD.

History of Babur

Babur’s contribution to Indian history is significant. Just as he was the founder of the Mughal Empire. Similarly, he was one of the best rulers of the Mughal Empire.

■ In the following, we will discuss Babur’s contribution to Indian history in detail:

          ● We know some of the most famous battles in Indian history, which Babur won. Like the first battle of Panipat, battle of Khanuya, battle of Gongora.

The battle of PanipatFirst

In 1525 Babur invaded India with cannons and 12000 troops. After defeating Daulat Khan, he captured Punjab and advanced towards Delhi. The two sides fought in the desert of Panipat near Delhi. This battle is known as the first battle of the Panipat. The duration of this war was 21st April 1526 AD. Ibrahim Lodi was defeated and killed by Babur’s artillery. The First Battle of Panipat was one of the most critical battles in the history of India.

As a result of this war, the ruling power of the Lodi dynasty was permanently abolished. The vast territory was transferred from Delhi to Agra. The gates of the prosperous Ganga-Jamuna valley up to Jaunpur were opened to Babur. Ibrahim Lodi’s all property was seized in Agra by Babar, and his financial crisis was alleviated. There is no reason to think that the political power of India passed into the hands of Babur through this war.

War of Khandwa

Rana Sangha or Sangram Singh, the victorious hero of many wars, decided to establish the Rajput Empire on the ruins of the Sultanate. Marwar Amber Chandra with the prince of Gwalior Ajmer and Ibrahim Lodi to fight against Babar. He won the battle of Khanuwar Desert on March 16, 1527. Sometime later, Rana Sangha died. The Battle of Khandwa is one of the final battles in the history of India. Its outcome was more important than the battle of Panipat.

War of Gogora: On May 6, 1529, Babur defeated the Afgan forces. 

Achievement

Babur ruled India for only four years. In this short period. He defeated three strong rivals. He established a new dynasty in India and established it on a solid foundation. For most of the four years, he was used in warfare. For this reason, he couldn’t introduce any new constitutional, judicial, or fiscal reforms in the country. In its previous interior, different types of governance were prevalent in other regions. The zamindar’s jagirdar or feudal lord was the head of state. He couldn’t suppress them or form a centralized system of government. The legacy that Babur left for his Son was a weak structure with no spine – This comment was made by” RASHBRUCK WILLIAMS. “

“Babur was a most brilliant Asiatic Prince of his age and worthy of a high place among the sovereigns of India. ” – SMITH.

Babur’s Memory

Baburnama, written in Babur’s memory, is recognized as an essential element of history, is an extraordinary literary masterpiece. The book is a faithful and transparent account of the world he lived or with whom he lived and the valuable history of the contemporary age. The text is full of statistics and details. In this book, he gives a vivid picture of what he did. Simplicity, clarity, and clarity are some of the features of the book. Without hiding anything, he candidly reveals his faults, personal successes, pains, friendships. Characters of different countries and nations Behaviors Clothing Costumes Herbs Trees Animals Natural Beauty Mountains Valleys Rivers Jungles Everything is vivid. Babur’s nature-loving and sensitive mind are revealed in this book. Historical usage says that Babur’s autobiography is like those invaluable books that are for all time and are equal to Augustine and Confessions and Newton’s.

Babur was married seven times. The first spouse of Babur was Bibi Mubarak. Babur’s son was ‘Humayun ‘. Humayun ruled the Mughal Empire after Babur.

Babur TombAfter Babur’s death, his tomb was built in Kabul, Afghanistan. He died in 1630. Babur tomb is also called ‘ Bagh E Babur.’

He died because his dead rival’s bitter mother slowly poisoned him. But this is not correct. He died because he was just sick, like regular normal humans. Like every other major event of that time, the possibility of Babur’s death is overridden with more emotions than facts. One version goes like this – His eldest Son, Humayun, was sick. Everyone was sure that he was going to die any moment now. And then the doctors came up with the final solution of medieval medical science – Babur, the father, must offer his own life to God in exchange for his Son Humayun’s. And so Babur takes circle Humayun’s bed three times, praying and offering his own life in exchange for his Son’s.

According to Babur’s daughter Gulbadan Begum, Babur died the same day, and Humayun got healthier.

Other historians, ridden less by emotions, Say Babur grew weaker over the following weeks until he finally died on December 26, 1530, and Humayun gradually got better.

The four years before this, when Babur had defeated Ibrahim Lodhi in the Battle of Panipat, he had spared the life of Lodhi’s mother Dilawar Begum and allowed her to live in his royal women’s quarters.

But she poisoned him, and even though Babur did not immediately die from the poison, he drank opium to counter. The poison still over the following years. His tummy didn’t get better entirely until after four years of persistent intestinal troubles, he got weaker and weaker and died.

The final point is – he died, and it was probably just intestinal troubles.

Ancestors: Timur (1336 – 1405).

Prince Miran Shah (1336 – 1408)

Prince Sultan Muhammad -> Sultan Abusaid

->Prince Umar sheik Mirza ->Babur(founder of the Mughal Dynasty of India).

Monuments built by Babur: Babri Masjid, Jama Masjid, Panipat Mosque, and Kabuli Bagh Mosque.

Some Important Asked Questions FAQ’s

Answer – In 1524 Babur came to India, invited by Daulat Khan Lodhi.

Recommended – Read Unseen History of Babur

Categories: Babur, General Knowledge

Answer – In the Battle of Panipat, Ibrahim Lodhi was defeated by Babur.

Recommended – Read Unseen History of Babur

Categories: Babur, General Knowledge

Answer – In 1524 Babur came to India, invited by Daulat Khan Lodhi.

Recommended – Read Unseen History of Babur

Categories: Babur, General Knowledge

Answer – Babur’s eldest Son Humayun was sick. Everyone was sure that he was going to die any moment now. And then the doctors came up with the final solution of medieval medical science – Babur, the father, must offer his own life to God in exchange for his Son Humayun’s. And so Babur takes circle Humayun’s bed three times praying and offering his own life in exchange for his Son’s.

According to Babur’s daughter Gulbadan Begum, Babur died the same day, and Humayun got healthier.

Other historians, ridden less by emotions, Say Babur grew weaker over the following weeks until he finally died on December 26, 1530, and Humayun gradually got better. The four years before this, when Babur had defeated Ibrahim Lodhi in the Battle of Panipat, he had spared the life of Lodhi’s mother Dilawar Begum and allowed her to live in his royal women’s quarters.

But she poisoned him, and even though Babur did not immediately die from the poison. He drank opium to counter the poison still; over the following years. His tummy didn’t get better entirely until after four years of persistent intestinal troubles, he got weaker and weaker and died.

Recommended – Read Unseen History of Babur

Categories: Babur, General Knowledge

Answer – Babur was the founder of the “Mughal Empire “. He is first emperor of Mughal empire who come in India.

Recommended – Read Unseen History of Babur

Categories: Babur, General Knowledge

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